China has an over 2,000 higher education institutions all over the country, and some of Asia’s and the world’s top universities belong to China, such as Tsinghua University and Peking University in Beijing. While the country is known to be the top country sending students to study overseas, it is also a known fact that the country has been wooing international students to come and study in the country. According to the Ministry of Education of China, in 2014, there were 377,054 international students in the country, and this is growing year by year.
The Chinese government plays a vital role in improving the education sector in the country. Over the years, it has been very active and encouraging in the development of the country’s higher education standing, both in quantity and quality. With this mission, the government has poured large amounts of funding to certain universities to help improve facilities, build research centers, attract world-renowned scholars and faculties, among other developments.
The universities in China are either state-owned or non-government (private) institution:
|Regular Institutions||Independent Institutions||Vocational Institutions||Adult Institutions|
Institutions run by the central ministries and agencies, as well as local authorities.
These “traditional” and “typical” HEIs help students prepare for examinations for a recognised degree under the government, as well as training to improve their skills that are beneficial to the Chinese economy
Also known as duli xueyuan
These institutions do not receive any government funding; they work with other well-known universities, private institutions, and the business sector – self-funding, their tuition fee is more expensive
Offer all levels of degrees (Bachelor, Master and PhD), but use both the theoretical framework and practical skills (applied science) during studies.
Includes the institutions focusing on:
Administrative Colleges: adult middle school and higher education programmes for government officers
Correspondence Departments and Attached Evening Colleges: part-time adult higher education programmes through correspondence and attached evening colleges
Employees’ Colleges: offers credentials to staff/ or workers
Independent Self-Study Examinations: the only form of higher education in China with an entirely open admissions policy
Radio and Television Universities: multimedia courses through radio, television, print, audio-visual materials and computer networks on a nationwide basis
Spare-time Universities: sub-degree level programmes undertaken in the students’ spare time
Key projects have also been initiated by the Chinese government to raise the colleges and universities to world-class standards. In the mid-1990s, the central government launched these two programmes – investing billions of dollars – to improve the quality and make the Chinese higher education competitive worldwide.
Did you know? The number 211 comes from the project’s slogan – For the 21st century, to manage 100 universities successfully (面向21世纪，办好100所高校) with 100 as the estimated number of participating universities.
Universities in China included in Project 985 are (in bold are the C9 schools):
Did you know? The name Project 985 was derived from the date when this project was announced (May 1998 – 98/5)
The length of your study depends on the path you wish to take. Here’s a basic duration of study in China
Several universities in China are present in the rankings of top 300 universities in the world, and in particular, these universities rank highly in Asia and BRIC’s top rankings as well. The top 20 universities in China are as follows:
When you decide to stay longer in the country because you want to continue your study, you can go to the embassy and apply for an extension of your study visa. Most of the time it will not be a problem, as long as you have a university declaration as proof.
But if you want to stay longer because you got a job offered, different rules apply. In this case, you need to apply for a work visa called Visa Z, and both the employer and you need to meet the conditions. Check out the official Chinese government website for more information and the requirements for applying for a work visa, or any other visa that is not a student visa.